The church of the Holy Spirit with beautiful frescoes is situated above the settlement  on a craggy elevated plateau, what served as a natural shelter for the local population.  A wooden bulwark protected the church.  For better protection is later on the church protected with a stone bulwark and two watch towers.

Name: Holy Trinity

Place: Hrastovlje – (Koper)


Defensive tower  from the 11th century. Built by Ulrich Weimar. The tower is 17 meters high and built over a cave-castle , and with walls with a fat 1,5 meters. The tower was a part of the defensive fortresses between Austria and the Venetian Republic.

Name: Podpeč – Koper)


Sumber -“Schomberg’s castle”

Sumber is situated near the Rasa and dated back to the 14th century. Opposite of the castle is the Church of St. John and Paul, built in 1679. The other churches are near the village cemetery , the Church of Our Lady from 1140 and the Church of St Quirinus from the 15th century.

The Noble family Schomberg, vassal’s  of the Count of Gorizia, received this property before 1367 from the Aquileia Patriarchs.

Sumber was also involved  in the Uskoci war, between Venice and Austria, at the beginning of the 17th century. In that century the owner of the castle was Brigido from Trieste, who was also the Lord of Lupoglav. That family continued to own the property till 1848, the end of feodalism. Later on Sumber became a part of Kršan’s  Municipality.

date: 2015-02-26

Name: Schomberg’s castle

Place: Sumber – Sv. Nedelja


Plomin is an old Istrian settlement , built on an Illyric prehistoric  hillfort dating back to year 1000 BC, and an important harbour and municipality during the Roman period called Flanona.

During the Middel ages plomin was a fortified town and the town walls go back to the 13th, 14th and 17th century.

The church St. Mary was built in 1474 and has a golden altar from the 17th century. the older church of St. George the Elder – built in the 11th century – is on the other side of the town.


Place: Plomin – (Kršan)

Rakalj – Marčana

Rakalj is near the Rasa Bay.

In Rakalj is Mate Balota’s birth house He was  a writer and economist of the 20th century. His name was Mija Mirkovič, but the nick name Mate Balota.

On the main square in Rakalj is Loredan’s palace with a loggia and coat arms from 1537. In the village is the Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary from the 15th century.

The castle dates back to the Roman times. The Church here St. Agnes is built in 1495. On the place of the castle was probably a prehistoric hill fort settlement.

Date: 2015-04-04

Name: Rakalj’s castle

Place: Rakalj – Marčana


Sv. Lovreč

Sv. lovreč  is  named after the cemetery church of St. Lawrence from the 8th century. This church is located  a few hundred meters outside the old town.

Sv. Lovreč was important  because it was a Venetian military command base for the continental part of Istria during the 14th century. The old parts of the town are raised in the 14th and 15th cetury. The main gate, with a Gothic arch with coat arms and with the Lion of St. Mark with closed book from 1530, is located in the southern part of the town.

Opposite the gate is a small church, named St. Blaise, from 1460 with frescoes. Inside the walls are a Municipal loggia,  a Parish church of St. Martin from the 11th century, which a new facade from 1838, a former prison and an ex-hospital from the 14th century and a 17 meter high defense tower with a well inside of it.

At the beginning of the 17th century was St. Lovreč involved with the war between Venice and Austria but was well defended, but suffered under the plague of 1630.  With the falf of Venice in 1797 Sv. Lovreč became a part of the Austrian Empire.

Place: Sv. Lovreč

Kostel – Pietro Pelosa

The church inside the walls of the castle is the Church of St. Mary Magdalene.

Kostel is fortified during the Roman period for the purpose  of controlling the valley.

After a Marquisate, an administration under the Aquileia Patriarchs, and many different rulers, it became in 1422 under Venice. They changed the name of the castle in Pietro Pelosa.


Place: Kostel – (Buzet)

Name: Kostel – Pietro Pelosa


Mutvoran is a little village located on the Eastern coast of Istria  Several houses have  Renaissance facades. The medieval walls have been integrated in the later residential houses over time. The parish church  St Mary Magdalena  date back into the 5th century. The last major restructuring was in 1622.

During the Roman period Mutvoran was a castrum. The walls were built in the 5th, and 6th century  and has tree door gates to enter the village. The town walls are several times by wars demolished and rebuilt again.

Place: Mutvoran – (Marčana)


Kršan’s castle – fortified village – is situated in the Rasa valley. It is mentioned in 1274 when the Aquileia Patriarchs and the Count of Pazin signed a peace after a conflict that started in 1268. During the 13th century the feud was part of the Aquileai Patriarchs dominion in Istria. In 1358 Kršan was occupied by Alberto IV Count of Pazin and in 1367  Kršan became a part of County of Pazin. After the dead of Alberto IV, Kršan passed to the Hapsburg family.

The parish church, built in the 17th century, is named St. Anthony. The 22 meter high bell tower was built in 1803.

Place: Kršan

Boljun – Lupoglav

Boljun is an fortified hilltop in the north eastern part of Istria below the Učka mountain and has a strategic position in the war between Venice and Austria. 100 – 200 meters away from the entrance to Boljun  against  the hill is an ruin of the  church St. Petra and a fount.

Near the main gate  is the church of St. Cosmo and Damian dating back to the 12th century. On the small square near the church is a Roman stone pillar from the first century.

The castle is from the 11th century. In boljun is a loggia  from 1500 and a “fontico” a grainery storage house, a 25 meters high bell tower , and the Parish Church St. George from 1641.

In 1064 Enrico IV donated Boljun to the Marquis of Istria Ulrich Weimar. In 1102 Ulrich II donated Boljun tot the Aquileia Patriarchs. From 1335 Boljun had many feudal rulers till 1480 when Boljun returned to the Habsburg family.

Name: Boljun castle

Place: Boljun – (Lupoglav)