Hiking path Nature park Kontija – Kloštar.

Nature park Kontija is located between the sea and the villages of Kloštar, Gradina, Flengi and the Lim Channel. It has an area of 65 ha. In 1964, this 140 year old forest was declared a reserve in connection with the wide variety of tree species, shrubs and plants.

In this area there used to be a prehistoric settlement with several caves along the Lim Channel, including the Romualdo Cave.

Name: Hiking path Kontija Nature Park

Place: Kloštar – (Vrsar)

Coordinates:

Starting point: Former Benedictine monastery Kloštar: 45.1422 N – 13.7033 E. Pit caves Kontija forest: 45.14058 N – 13.69501 E, 45.14616 N – 13.72021 E and 45.13839 N – 13.67723 E. Viewpoint Lim Channel: 45. 13435 N – 13.68135 E.  Entrance path descent to Lim Channel:  45.1346 N – 13.6720 E.

Tumulus Maklavun

A tumulus has two parts, the entrance hall (dromos)  and the funeral chamber (tholos). This tumulus is from the Bronze Age (15oo – 1200 BC).

Name: Tumulus Maklavun

Place: Putini – (Kanfanar)

Coordinates: 45.1085 N – 13.7523 E

Cingarela cave /waterfall – “Gypsy”

In 1953 remains were found from prehistoric times, and it became clear that the cave was inhabited in the Neolithic, Eneolithic  and Bronze Age (11.000 BC -600 BC).


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Name: Cingarela waterfalls and caves

Place:  Momjan – (Buje)

Coordinates entrance path left side of river Ardila: 45.43585 N – 13.67597 E , Caves and Waterfall. 45.43566 N – 13.68462 E.

Prehistoric settlement Vintijan

On the hill Gradina Vintijan are the ruins of a hill-fort with a former diameter of about 100 meters. This settlement is from the Histri-period (Iron-Age). The pictures with a view on the Veruda-bay and Pula are from the top of this hill.

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Name: Prehistoric settlement

Place: Gradina Vintijan – (Medulin)

Coordinates: 44.84668 N – 13.85479 E

Vizace – “Nesactium”

Nesactium was an important town in the Istrian history. It was the capital of the Histri’s tribe, before the Roman conquered the peninsula . The final battle happened in the second century B.C. in Nesactium.

A lot of research was done around 1900 and the 20th century. They found the ruins, a large Histrian necropolis, with numerous ceramic urns and rich burial offerings of imported painted vessels. Interesting is that the most of the objects belonged to the 9th – 6th century BC, and belonged to another Mediterranean cultures, like Greek.

Nesactium was conquered in 178-177 BC by the Roman Consul Claudio Pulcro. The Roman chronician Tito Livio described that the King of Histri, stabbed him selves, and that the soldiers, their wives and children were killed and threw from the walls just to avoid to become Roman slaves, and that 8000 people of the Histri and 200 Roman soldiers died.

After the Roman conquest of Nesactium the town was an important centre,  until the  times of the Emperor Augustus.

The town falls in ruins after the destructive inroads of Slavs and Avars in the 6th and 7th century.

Later on the name is probably changed in Vizace. To day there are relics, the walls of the prehistoric hillfort, buildings from the roman period and two churches from the 5th century.

Place: Vizace – Ližnjan