Vizace – “Nesactium”

Nesactium was an important town in the Istrian history. It was the capital of the Histri’s tribe, before the Roman conquered the peninsula . The final battle happened in the second century B.C. in Nesactium.

A lot of research was done around 1900 and the 20th century. They found the ruins, a large Histrian necropolis, with numerous ceramic urns and rich burial offerings of imported painted vessels. Interesting is that the most of the objects belonged to the 9th – 6th century BC, and belonged to another Mediterranean cultures, like Greek.

Nesactium was conquered in 178-177 BC by the Roman Consul Claudio Pulcro. The Roman chronician Tito Livio described that the King of Histri, stabbed him selves, and that the soldiers, their wives and children were killed and threw from the walls just to avoid to become Roman slaves, and that 8000 people of the Histri and 200 Roman soldiers died.

After the Roman conquest of Nesactium the town was an important centre,  until the  times of the Emperor Augustus.

The town falls in ruins after the destructive inroads of Slavs and Avars in the 6th and 7th century.

Later on the name is probably changed in Vizace. To day there are relics, the walls of the prehistoric hillfort, buildings from the roman period and two churches from the 5th century.

Place: Vizace – Ližnjan

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